Your skin absorbs what is put on it. Ethical skin care is where my values are placed therefore all products that are used in the ABT practice are sulphate-free, paraben-free, fragrance-free and do not harm animals, naturally this means they are 100% vegan. Everything I used and recommend has been heavily researched and tested on humans for efficacy. If you have questions please ask. I believe in education, in being a co-pilot, an active participant, in your skin and health care.